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Memory-based algorithms utilize the entire user-item database to generate a prediction. These systems employ statistical techniques to find a set of users, known as neighbors, that have a history of agreeing with the target user (i.e., they either rate different items similarly or they tend to buy similar sets of items). Once a neighborhood of users is formed, these systems use different algorithms to combine the preferences of neighbors to produce a prediction or top-N recommendation for the active user. The techniques, also known as nearest-neighbor or user-based collaborative filtering are more popular and widely used in practice.
Badrul M. Sarwar